Researchers from the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health have been awarded a federal grant for a multi-year study focused on the sexual and reproductive health of Asian immigrant women in the United States, it was announced Monday.
The $3 million study, designed to extend over a five-year-long period in California, New York, Texas, and Georgia, is funded by the National Institutes of Health, part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The initial grant, for $640,606, was awarded by the NIH in September.
“Asian immigrant women report greater odds of unintended pregnancies and are less likely to use sexual and reproductive health care compared to their U.S.-born counterparts yet are often left out of policy solutions,” said Dr. May Sudhinaraset, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health associate professor and vice chair of the Department of Community Health Sciences.
“Our goal in this project is to provide comprehensive sexual and reproductive health data among the most diverse sample of Asian immigrant women to date, which is critical to ensuring reproductive justice at a time when Asian women are facing assaults from multiple fronts,” Sudhinaraset, who will lead the study, said.
There are currently more than 20 million Asian-Americans and Asians in the U.S., 60% of whom are immigrants, and Asians are the fastest growing racial/ethnic group. By 2055, this demographic is expected to surpass Latinos to become the largest immigrant group in the country. This includes 1.5 million undocumented Asians, who experience greater barriers to access than their documented peers, according to UCLA.
Asian-Americans and Asians in the U.S. are very diverse, from Americans whose ancestors came to the U.S. in the 19th Century to very recent immigrants; from citizens to the undocumented; and from the working poor to the very wealthy, and everything in between, said Dr. Gilbert Gee, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health professor and chair of the Department of Community Health Sciences.
“Historically, however, national health statistics often lump Asians into an `other’ category or exclude them entirely, so one of the issues we are trying to address is to disaggregate data, so public health experts can really address problems and provide solutions that are focused and effective,” he said.
The research project, focused on Asian American and Pacific Islander women, is a joint effort of the UCLA Fielding School, UC Irvine, Rutgers University, and the National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum.
“There is a serious lack of data on the unique and intersectional lived experiences of Asian American and Pacific Islander women, especially the barriers immigrant women face when accessing sexual and reproductive health care,” said Sung Yeon Choimorrow, executive director of the forum.
“NAPAWF is excited to collaborate with UCLA on this study to unmask the needs of AAPI subgroups which will strengthen the ability of AAPI organizations to best serve the realities and needs of our communities,” she said.